The updated Country Report on the Netherlands analyses recent developments in practice and case law governing asylum procedures, reception conditions, detention of asylum seekers and integration of beneficiaries of protection.
In 2016 the Netherlands reformed the asylum procedure by introducing the so-called “Five Tracks” procedure. Track 1 constitutes a Dublin procedure. Track 4 represents the standard asylum procedure of 8 days with the possibility to extend this time limit by 6 days. In case the application cannot be thoroughly assessed within the standard/regular asylum procedure there is a possibility of assessing the application in the extended Procedure. Track 3 and 5, which introduce fast track procedures are not applied in practice (yet). A completely new track 2 has been introduced, aiming at processing applications made by applicants from safe countries of origin and applicants who have received international protection status in a different EU Member State. The assessment of a claim in Track 2 takes place in less than 8 days and the asylum seeker is not entitled to a rest and preparation period nor a medical examination.
More legal grounds for detention have been introduced into legislation in 2016, allowing the Netherlands to detain aliens at the border, aliens who have made an asylum application at the border, aliens at the border whose application falls under the responsibility of another member state (Dublin), aliens on the territory and aliens who have made an asylum application. A new law on alternatives to detention has been accepted, but will only enter into force in 2017.
Read the full country report here.